Practical Principles of Gardening You Should Learn

Gardening is a difficult but interesting work. It involves a lot of principles that you should follow. Gardening includes various aspect as well as works, such as planning, designing, growing, fertilizing, caring, harvesting, and so on. The article is going to give you some practical principles of gardening that you should know to become an excellent gardener. This article will bring you some concrete ideas to care for your garden and farm.

  1. Species Diversity

The diversity of plants will promote the diversity of animal species. It is because different insects, birds, mammals, etc. will be attracted by different plant species. Therefore, a particular suite of insects won’t gather in one place as their preferred plants are often spread out. 5 Helpful Gardening Safety Tips

To make your garden diverse in both plant and animal species, you should grow a small amount of wide variety of plants. If you have enough land, you can raise a wider variety of animal species. Following this principle does not mean that you have to give up the oblong bed of your garden. You don’t need to follow it fanatically.  You can arrange your garden in a convenient and reasonable concept. The numbers of the rows, the plants you will grow in each bed, the place of the chicken cage, etc. are up to you. You can grow some flower to make your garden look more pretty and poetry.Planting a vegetable or fruit garden

  1. Symbiosis

This term refers to a relationship of mutual benefit or dependence between two or more than two species. No matter far or near each other they live, they still, connect, interact, exchange the natural properties and get their benefits from the other. For example, birds and insects get honey from a certain flower species, and then they help this flower species pollinate despite the distance. For another example, birds and animals eat fruits and berries, and then they help spread out the seeds of these fruits by excreting the fertilizer with undigested seeds, support the reproduction process of plants they feed on.

To make use of this natural relationship of plant and animal species, you should understand the companion planting, including the mutually beneficial interactions of the plants you grow together in your garden. You can even develop this principle farther by grouping plants which have a mutually beneficial association as “guilds.” By growing plants as guilds, you can take full advantage of symbiosis and save the labor in gardening.

  1. Balance

In the best garden in the world, wildlife, species live in a balance. Herbivores eat plants; carnivores eat herbivores. They keep the other species in a controlled size and are likely to live in balance. A variety of plants provide foods for herbivores as well as habitats for animals. These plants and herbivorous animals together create a complicated food web, supply a diverse source of foods for carnivorous species. It preserves the balance of wildlife out of outbreak.

To maintain the balance in your garden, you can grow a variety of plants or raise many different animals if possible, supply food and habitat for native species, and try to put up with wildlife condition even if it may be inconvenient. When designing your garden, you should choose native trees to grow so that they can provide proper foods as well as habitat for native species, which non-native trees cannot do. You should also take climate, moisture, soil type and other natural conditions into consideration before choosing the plants to grow. You also have to consider the symbiosis of native animals and insects and the plants. You can grow some herbs or plants for foods, like fruit trees, vegetables, beans, groundnuts, or some flowers if you like.

  1. Redundancy

Redundancy in gardening means that in the natural biologic systems in a garden, many different species can do the same function. This redundancy ensures the resiliency of the system as when one species is lost, and its function remains thanks to other species with the same function.

To apply this redundancy to your garden, you should grow many plant species which overlap in function in your garden. For example, instead of growing only broccoli in the garden, you should grow many different vegetables so that if the broccoli doesn’t grow as expected, you will have another vegetable for meals. You can also make your meal more diverse with various kinds of greens, too. Moreover, the more species of plants you grow, the more variety of insects and birds your garden attracts. These insects and birds will help pollinate and nourish the soil.

  1. Vertical Structure

Your garden may contain many trees at different heights. Under the canopy of tall trees are smaller ones, herbs, greens, etc. If your garden is diverse in “layers” of plants, it will be more plentiful in animals than a mono-layer garden, because multi-layer garden can supply more habitation conditions for different animal species.

So, you should combine a diversity of plants at different heights in your garden to create a high level of vertical structure. Tall fruit and nut trees are in the upper height, shrub and berries are in the medium height, and herbs and greens are in the lower one.

  1. Growing Plants According To Natural Light, Soil And Moisture Conditions

There are two directs you can follow. The first one is growing according to the natural conditions in your garden. If the soil in your garden is dry and sandy, you can plant drought-tolerant species. If it’s moisture, grow the ones that need water. When you grow the plants that live well in the natural condition in your garden, you can save a lot of energy in doing the gardening.

The second choice is changing the natural conditions in your garden. If the soil condition is poor, plant some nitrogen-fixing species to nourish it. You can change the light condition by growing some tall trees to create shade for shade-grown plants. By changing the existing condition in the garden, you can diversify the plant bed in your land.

  1. Succession

Succession is the changing process of species composition when a species dies and resigns natural conditions like light, soil, and moisture for other alive ones in its neighbor. It’s more common in wildlife but unusual in garden or farm when people always arrange and grow their plant according to season and natural condition in their farm or garden. However, you can still apply this concept by combining short-term plants with long-term species. Additionally, some plant cannot yield when growing under the shade of others while some will, so, by understanding this term, you’ll know how to combine the plant in your garden.

  1. Recycling

You should keep organic dead properties, like leaves, branches, trees and let them disintegrate to fertilize the soil, add more nutrients to the soil. This organic fertilizer also improves exhausted soil after many crops. You can also grow some nitrogen-fixing plant species to fertilize the soil naturally. To recycle and build nutrient-rich soil, use organic properties produced right in your garden.

  1. Minimal Tilling

Besides making the soil rich in nutrients, you should also tiller the soil to make it aerated and oxygen-dense. But you shouldn’t plow the land as it can make the nutrients release faster and more than the amount that the plants can absorb, destroy the structure of the soil, and lead to erosion.

You’d better use minimal tilling methods such as hugelkultur or lasagna garden. These methods include layering organic properties which keep the weeds down so that you needn’t tiller. These methods help the soil aerated and oxygen-rich without destroying the soil structure so that the plants can grow well. You can raise some chicken to have them scratch the land and use their droppings to fertilize the soil.

The article has given you some practical principles of gardening that you should know to be a good gardener. By following these principles, you can make your garden lush, green, and grow well. Gardening involves many skills and a lot of effort, and also patience. However, seeing your pretty garden developing every day would be a wonderful feeling. Eating fresh, natural and safe foods produced right in your garden would be even a more wonderful feeling. Let’s make gardening an interesting work with these simple-but-effective practical principles.

Author Bio:

This guest post is by Emily Pham, a blogger with many years of experience in searching the best effective remedies for health and beauty issues.


Expert Tips to Maximize Your Returns on Cashing Gold Jewelry for Emergencies

In the fluctuating economy of today, we can see that gold is more accepted as an investment than stocks. The price of gold had gone up to 20 percent in this decade. If you are one among those thousands of Americans who would like to invest in gold and then follow the hottest trends on the block to sell it later by getting back a better value, this is the right time. Expert Tips to Maximize Your Returns on Cashing Gold Jewelry for Emergencies

But, don’t be in a hurry to do it. It is essential to know when the good deals come on the hands of the consumer, and it also crucial to do proper homework before buying or selling their jewelry at the typical gold parties or selling it at the local stores. Better Business Bureau (BBB) of America advises the gold consumers that even though gold parties may be a comfortable way to cash gold, they may not always offer you the best deals.

Here are some tips for the sellers to keep in mind while cashing gold to get the best deals.

Understanding the gold scales

The actual weight of gold will determine the value of it, but various jewelers may use different measures as called a Troy ounce. As per the US standard scales, gold is measured 28 g per ounce when the gold is measured 31.1 g per a Troy ounce. Some of the dealers may also follow the unit of weight as pennyweight (dwt) to measure the Troy ounce, and some other may use grams as the measure. A pennyweight is about 1.555 grams. So, while selling, always be alert that the dealers don’t weigh your gold by pennyweight and they pay you based on grams, which is a sneaky trick used by fraud dealers to devalue gold and pay out less for it.

Understanding Karats

The purest form of gold is 24 karat, which is too soft and malleable and cannot be used to make any jewelry.  So, gold is mixed with other metals to form alloys to form it to different products. This mixing is also required for bringing strength, color, and durability to gold. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) also specified that the jewelry items sold in the United States should be described regarding karat purity of the alloy.

One karat is 1/24 of the pure weight of gold. In this way, 14 karats may mean that the jewelry you buy consists of 14 parts of gold and rest ten parts as other metals. The item cannot be marked as gold jewelry if the karat rating is less than 10. So, it is essential for the consumers to know the karat value when we buy gold NY or selling it, to take an informed decision and get the best value for your jewelry. Next, we will discuss some quick smart tips to get the best value on selling gold.

  • Value different karats separately

Don’t value your jewelry of various karats together when trying to buy or sell. Some dealers may try to weigh all jewelry together, which may be of different karats and then pay you the amount worth for the lowest karat ones. So, always separate your jewelry based on the karat specifications before going to a gold party and be vigilant while doing the evaluation.

  • Know the actual rates

Gold price keeps on changing day by day. So, it is ideal to call up a local jeweler or make use of the reliable online resources to know the latest valuation of gold and market price for buying and selling. The dealer who is into this industry for long knows that people are looking for quick cash when they are coming for gold parties and try to take advantage of this haste to offer value lower than actual. So, you have to be well prepared after doing enough homework while attempting sales.

  • Know the buyer

You can check at the jewelry stores online or offline and the gold buyer registry with BBB (online website of You can also find business reviews at this website, which will tell you about the authenticity and reliability of the buyers and you can also check whether there are any complaints registered against them in the past.

  • Know what you go to sell

Some of the items may be more worth when you are selling as they are like the vintage jewelry pieces of the handmade gold articles or so. Some medals or mementos made in gold also may value more than what they are regarding weight and purity. If you have a bracelet of the golden necklace which comes from a celebrity designer or well-known brand, then it may also be valued more some buyers beyond actual.

  • Understand the fine prints

If you select a mail-away type service, then ensure that you go through all the policies, terms, and conditions carefully before taking a decision. On sending items through it, always get it insured. Also, check how long it will take for you to get it reimbursed and how long they will keep the gold before melting it. There may also be a lock-in period to turn down the offer, and it is essential to know this duration too. Always take some photos of the items before sending and ensure that you hold the originals as well as a backup photocopy of the relevant paperwork and filings related to it.

  • Shop around to explore all options

Don’t be in haste of jump in without a second thought when you offer your gold for sales. Similar to buying, you can always shop around to find various bids and also to assess buyers to get hold of the best deal. To make sure that you get the best returns on your gold, always get it appraised by an expert before attempting selling. Buyers do appraise it, but even if it costs you a bit more upfront, it is always ideal for you to get it done by an unbiased appraiser on your own.

Considering all the above points, you also have to be realistic while attempting to sell gold. Gold parties may often be held by neighborhoods or friends, and these may be more about fun than the actual value. Taking all these factors, sellers at typical gold parties may tend to get about 70% to 80% of the actual value of their items.

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How to Manage Your Credit Card Repayments with a Debt Consolidation Loan

When you purchased your new furniture to fit out your new home, your income could support the monthly payment. Then, there was that little trip to the Caribbean last summer that really did some damage to your credit card. Compound that with the fact that in the last couple of months, you had to make repairs to your home and that has maxed out not one card but four. 

How-to-Manage-Your-Credit-Card-Repayments-with-a-Debt-Consolidation-LoanYou have a monthly mortgage that is reasonable, but the interest rates on those cards are beginning to climb and things begin to get worrying. Every month, you pay a couple of hundred dollars in interest to keep your card’s current, and Ramen noodle breakfasts, lunches, and suppers are a serious reality in your future if you do not rein in this out-of-control debt. However, all is not lost, as you have a couple of options—namely the debt consolidation loan. In fact, debt consolidation loans by Latitude and other financing companies can help you save money and your credit score.

Keep reading below to learn how you can manage your debt with debt consolidation loans.

Take Inventory

Before applying for loan consolidation, sit down and review all of your debts to determine which ones to consolidate. A few of the considerations should include interest rates and the amount of the payment. If you have a card with a good interest rate, it might not be in your interest to include it as a part of your consolidation plan.

You also want to look at all of your monthly obligations to see how you can get the best benefit from a consolidation loan. After reviewing your monthly budget, figure out which loans should be consolidated. Then, as a part of any debt consolidation program, seek counsel on some of the programs that can help you achieve debt relief.

Play With The Figures

When finished reviewing your budget and deciding on which loans to consolidate, play with the figures to determine whether this type of loan is appropriate. Sometimes, consolidating is not in your interest, especially if your new interest rate does not lower the amount of money you would pay over the life of the loan. Furthermore, paying on existing credit in the short-term can help you re-establish your credit or help you hold onto credit cards that have good rates.

Review Your Credit Score

As a part of preparing to consolidate your debts, review your credit score to determine its rating and whether a consolidation loan is even necessary. This part of consolidating loans is important because the whole point of this process is to repair any damage to your report and to provide you with some financial relief. Plus, you cannot repair a report if you have no idea of what is being reported to the credit agencies.

Financial Paradigm Shift

As a part of the consolidation process, you have to be real with yourself about your spending habits. Yes, a consolidation loan is a quick fix for a short-term situation that could turn ugly, and yes, you do eventually come out from under what seems unending debt. However, lasting financial health comes with understanding our spending habits, why we spend, and the purpose of credit. By understanding our own spending habits and spending patterns, we can better make use of money and even learn to make it work to our advantage.

Re-Establishing Your Finances

The lure of credit cards is strong, especially in a society bombarded with materialism. Like many consumers, credit ends up being a necessary evil that can make our lives miserable if not properly managed. However, debt is not the devil incarnate when we begin to think about financial fitness from a different paradigm.

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